Leviticus 23:1-3 (Jesus, Our Sabbath Rest)
Passage: Leviticus 23:1–23:3, Matthew 11:28–11:29, Hebrews 10:1, Hebrews 10:12
God used the example of resting on the seventh day of creation to establish the principle of Sabbath rest for his people. The various elements of the Sabbath symbolize the coming of Messiah who would provide a permanent rest for those who receive Him. Jesus rested (“sat down at the right hand of God,” Hebrews 10:12) after performing the ultimate and final sacrifice. So He invites us to “come unto Me…and I will give you rest” (Matthew 11:28-29).
1. What does it mean that God rested and why do you suppose God declared the seventh day to be commemorated as a day to cease from our labor?
2. How did Jesus intentionally confront the common misunderstanding of Sabbath rest in his day?
3. Jesus extended the invitation to “come on to me all who are heavy laden and I will give you rest”. In what way were they heavy laden and how does Jesus provide rest?
4. According to Hebrews 10:1, 12, what were the limitations of the Old Testament sacrifices and how did Jesus demonstrate that He was the ultimate and final sacrifice?